Ilmuwan Leonardo Da Vinci

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Leonardo lahir pada tahun 1452 di kota Vinci, propinsi Firenze, Italia anak dari Ser Piero Da Vinci dan Caterina, jadi nama lengkapnya yaitu Leonardo di Ser Piero da Vinci yang berarti Leonardo putra Ser Piero asal kota Vinci.

Pada usia belia, beliau sudah belajar melukis dengan Andrea del Verrocchio dan mulai melukis di Firenze.Ada kabar mengisahkan Verrochio menyatakan pensiun melukis setelah menyaksikan bahwa lukisan muridnya yang satu ini lebih bagus dari lukisannya sendiri. Selain menjadi pelukis Leonardo juga sanggup menunjukkan kemampuannya di bidang yang lain. Pada tahun 1481 Leonardo pindah ke Milan untuk bekerja dengan Adipati(Duke) di sana.Hasil karyanya selama di Milan yang paling termashur adalah Kuda Sforza yang dikerjakannya selama kurang lebih 11 tahun. Namun di situ ia tidak hanya melukis dan membuat patung saja, melainkan juga mengubah jalan-jalan sungai dan membangun kanal-kanal, serta menghibur Duke dengan memainkan lute dan bernyanyi. Lalu ia bekerja untuk Raja Louis XII dari Perancis di Milan dan untuk Paus Leo X di Roma


Sementara itu ia membantu Raphael dan Michaelangeo dalam merancang katedral Santo Petrus.Dalam hidupnya Leonardo sangat tertarik pada ilmu pengetahuan. Ia mulai mempelajari burung terbang dan mulai merancang mesin terbang. Pemikirannya itu terdapat dalam buku catatanya sebanyak 7.000 halaman. Didalam buku itu juga terdapat sketsa tentang studi tubuh manusia. Pada zaman itu, anatomi tubuh manusia tak lebih dari sekadar kira-kira karena siapapun dilarang keras membedah jenazah. Dengan kenekatannya mencuri-curi kesempatan membedah-bedah tubuh orang mati, di kemudian hari tindakan yang tak lazim di zamannya ini memberikan kontribusi yang sangat besar bagi dunia kedokteran.

Mahakaryanya, Jamuan Terakhir (The Last Supper) pada tahun 1495 sampai tahun 1497 yang dilukis pada dinding biara Santa Maria di Milan, kini telah rusak akibat dimakan waktu. Lukisan terkenal lainnya adalah Mona Lisa yang kini terdapat di musium Louvre Paris. Sebuah spekulasi yang beredar tentang siapa sesungguhnya Mona Lisa antara lain menyatakan bahwa citra perempuan tersebut merupakan hasil rekaan wajah Da Vinci sendiri. Spekulasi yang lain menyatakan bahwa perempuan tersebut memang pernah ada, seorang istri pedagang.

Leonardo da Vinci wafat di Clos Lucé, Perancis pada tanggal 2 Mei 1519, dan dimakamkan di Kapel St. Hubert di kastel Amboise, Perancis.

Setelah wafatnya, sangat kuat ditengarai bahwa beliau pernah memegang peranan sebagai orang terkuat di sebuah organisasi rahasia bernama Priory of Sion yang berlaskarkan Knights Templar. Apakah organisasi rahasia ini? Banyak fakta mengarahkan pada suatu dugaan bahwa Priory of Sion merupakan sebuah organisasi yang menjaga ketat-ketat rahasia sejarah kristiani menurut versi yang berbeda dari kitab Injil yang beredar di masyarakat. Yang dirahasiakan adalah mengenai siapa mesias yang sesungguhnya dan kemungkinan Yesus tidak menjalankan hukum selibat. Dalam versi yang sempat menimbulkan kontroversi ini diyakini bahwa Mesias yang sesungguhnya adalah Santo Yohanes Pembaptis, hal tersebut tersirat dari kekerapan Da Vinci melukis Sang Santo dalam posisi telunjuk menuding ke atas sebagai simbolisasi 'Putra Allah'. Versi yang tak kalah mengagetkannya adalah kemungkinan Maria Magdalena si bekas perempuan sundal diperistri oleh Yesus. Namun semua hal tersebut tidak terbukti kebenarannya, hingga saat ini, sehingga tudingan ini hanya dianggap sebagai langkah untuk memojokkan posisi umat Kristiani.
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